Depression Treatment

Types of Depression (Mood Disorders)

There are several types of mood disorders, some of the most common are:

 

Depression treatment in Ann Arbor and Macomb County

Major Depression:

People experiencing a major depressive episode (MDE) have a severe depression, that lasts at least 2 weeks. Symptoms include feeling depressed most of the day nearly every day, decreased interest or pleasure in most or all activities, altered sleep and appetite, restlessness or lethargy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, thoughts of death or suicide, and difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions.

Bipolar Disorder

(formerly known as manic-depressive illness):

People with Bipolar Disorder experience unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, which makes it difficult to carry out day to day activities. There are several types of Bipolar Disorder:

  • Bipolar I Disorder- characterized by alternating episodes of major depression and manic episodes. Mania or manic episodes are periods of high energy, feeling elated or up (sometimes irritable or agitated), more active than usual, feeling jumpy or wired, trouble sleeping, talking very fast about a lot of things, inflated or grandiose self-esteem and confidence, and doing risky things (spending sprees, reckless sexual activity).
  • Bipolar II Disorder-Characterized by a pattern of major depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes (less severe than manic episodes).
  • Cyclothymic Disorder- Characterized by episodes of depression and hypomania less severe than Bipolar I and II.

Persistent Depressive Disorder

(also called Dysthymic Disorder):

Dysthymia is a chronic type of depression that lasts at least 2 years. The symptoms are less severe or acute than for Major Depression, but last longer. As a result, most people with Dysthymia are able to function and perform normal daily activities, but not optimally.

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